9780130970695

Tutorials In Introductory Physics and Homework Package

Lillian C. McDermott, Peter S Shaffer

1st Edition

This landmark book presents a series of physics tutorials designed by a leading physics education research group. Emphasizing the development of concepts and scientific reasoning skills, the tutorials focus on common conceptual and reasoning difficulties. The tutorials cover a range of topics in Mechanics, E & M, and Waves & Optics.

1

Velocity

Motion with constant speed

p.3

Motion with varying speed

p.5

2

Representation of Motion

Exercises

p.7

3

Acceleration in One Dimension

Motion with decreasing speed

p.11

Motion with increasing speed

p.13

Motion that includes a change in direction

p.14

4

Motion in Two Dimensions

Velocity

p.15

Acceleration for motion with constant speed

p.16

Acceleration for motion with changing speed

p.17

5

Relative motion

Position and displacement relative to different observers

p.19

Relative Velocity

p.22

6

Forces

Identifying forces

p.25

Drawing free-body diagrams

p.27

Supplement: Contact and non-contact forces

p.29

7

Newton's Second and Third Laws

Applying Newton's laws to interacting objects: constant speed

p.31

Applying Newton's laws to interacting objects: varying speed

p.33

Applying Newton's laws to a system of interacting objects

p.34

Interpreting free-body diagrams

p.34

8

Tension

Blocks connected by a rope

p.35

Blocks connected by a very light string

p.36

The Atwood's machine

p.37

9

Work and the Work-Energy Theorem

Relating work and changes in kinetic energy

p.39

Applying the work-energy theorem

p.41

10

Changes in Energy and Momentum

Relating forces to changes in kinetic energy and momentum

p.43

Applying the work-energy and impulse-momentum theorems

p.45

11

Conservation of Momentum in One Dimension

Analysing Collisions

p.49

Applying momentum conservation to systems of multiple objects

p.51

12

Conservation of Momentum in Two Dimensions

Changes in momentum for interacting objects

p.53

Changes in momentum for systems of interacting objects

p.55

Application of momentum conservation to two-dimensional collisions

p.56

13

Rotational Motion

Motion with constant angular velocity

p.57

Motion with changing angular velocity

p.59

Torque and angular acceleration

p.60

14

Dynamics of Rigid Bodies

Drawing extended free-body diagrams

p.61

Distinguishing the effect of net torque and net force

p.63

15

Equilibrium of Rigid bodies

Interpreting center of mass

p.65

Applying the concept of center of mass

p.66

1

Charge

Electrical Interaction

p.71

Superposition

p.73

Distributed charge

p.74

A model for electric charge

p.76

2

Electric Field and Flux

Area as a vector

p.77

Electric field

p.78

Flux

p.79

3

Gauss' Law

Electric flux through closed surfaces

p.81

Gauss' law

p.82

Application of Gauss' law

p.83

4

Electrical potential difference

Review of work

p.85

Work and electric fields

p.86

Electric potential difference

p.88

5

Capacitance

The electrical field near conducting plates

p.91

Parallel plates and capacitance

p.93

6

A Model for Circuits Part 1: Current and Resistance

Complete circuits

p.97

Bulbs in series

p.99

Bulbs in parallel

p.100

Limitations: The need to extend the model

p.102

7

A Model for Circuits Part 2: Potential Difference

Current and resistance

p.103

Potential difference

p.104

Extending the model

p.105

8

RC circuits

Simple RC circuits

p.107

Charging and discharging capacitors

p.109

Multiple capacitors

p.111

9

Magnets and Magnetic Fields

Magnetic materials

p.113

Magnetic fields

p.115

10

Magnetic Interactions

The magnetic force on a current-carrying wire in a magnetic field

p.119

The magnetic force on a current-carrying wire

p.120

Current loops and solenoids

p.121

11

Lenz' Law

Induced currents

p.125

Lenz' law

p.127

12

Faraday's Law and Applications

Faraday's law

p.129

Applications

p.131

1

Superposition and Reflection of Pulses

Pulses on a spring

p.137

Superposition

p.138

Reflection

p.140

2

Reflection and Transmission

Reflection and transmission at a boundary

p.141

Transmission of multiple pulses

p.142

Reflection and transmission at a boundary revisited

p.143

A model for reflection at a boundary

p.143

3

Propagation and Refraction of Periodic Waves

Water waves passing from shallow water to deep water

p.145

A water wave passing from deep water to shallow water

p.147

Summary

p.148

4

Electromagnetic Waves

Representation of electromagnetic waves

p.149

Detecting electromagnetic waves

p.151

Supplement: Electromagnetic waves and Maxwell's equation

p.152

1

Light and Shadow

Light

p.155

Light: quantitative predictions

p.157

Supplement: Shadows

p.158

2

Plane Mirrors

The method of parallax

p.159

Image location

p.160

Ray tracing

p.161

An application of ray tracing

p.162

3

Curved Mirrors and Multiple Reflections

Cylindrical mirrors

p.165

Multiple plane mirrors

p.168

4

Interpretation of Ray Diagrams

Image location

p.169

Real and virtual images

p.171

5

Convex lenses

Convex lenses

p.173

Ray tracing and convex lenses

p.174

Applications

p.176

6

Magnification

Apparent size

p.177

The image of an extended object

p.178

A magnifying glass

p.179

Magnification

p.180

7

Two-Source Interference

Periodic circular waves: two sources

p.181

8

Wave Properties of Light

Water waves incident on a single slit

p.185

Water waves incident on two very narrow slits

p.186

Light incident on two narrow slits

p.187

9

Multiple-Slit Interference

Double-slit interference

p.189

Three-slit interference

p.190

Multiple-slit interference

p.192

10

A Model for Single-Slit Diffraction

Determining the location of the first minimum for many slits

p.195

Motivation for a model for single-slit diffraction

p.197

Application of the model

p.198

11

Combined Interference and Diffraction

Single-slit diffraction

p.201

Combined interference and diffraction

p.201

Quantitative predictions

p.204

12

Thin-Film Interference

Thin-film interference

p.207

A film of non-uniform thickness

p.210

13

Polarization

Polarization of light

p.213

Polarizing filters

p.214

1

Pressure in a Liquid

Applying Newton's laws of liquids

p.219

Pressure and force

p.220

Pressure as a function of length

p.221

Pressure in a U-tube

p.222

2

Buoyancy

Buoyant force

p.223

Displaced volume

p.225

Archimedes' principle

p.225

Sinking and floating

p.226

3

Ideal Gas Law

Pressure

p.227

Pressure and temperature

p.228

PV diagrams

p.229

Avogadro's number

p.230

4

First Law of Thermodynamics

Work

p.231

Work and internal energy

p.232

Heat

p.233

Heat, work, and internal energy

p.234

5

Wave Properties of Matter

Review of two-slit interference of light

p.237

Two-slit interference of electrons

p.238

Application: Davisson-Germer experiment

p.240

6

Photoelectric effect

I-V graphs for the photoelectric effect experiment

p.241

Predicting how changes in intensity, frequency, and work function affect I-V graphs

p.243

1

Kinematics

Velocity

p.H3

Representation of motion

p.H7

Acceleration in one dimension

p.H13

Motion in two dimensions

p.H19

Relative motion

p.H25

2

Newton's laws

Forces

p.H31

Newton's second and third laws

p.H37

Tension

p.H45

3

Energy and momentum

Work and the work-energy theorem

p.H47

Changes in energy and momentum

p.H53

Conservation of momentum in one dimension

p.H55

Conservation of momentum in two dimensions

p.H61

4

Rotation

Rotational motion

p.H65

Dynamics of rigid bodies

p.H67

Equilibrium of rigid bodies

p.H71

1

Electrostatics

Charge

p.H75

Electric field and flux

p.H79

Gauss's law

p.H83

Electric potential difference

p.H85

Capacitance

p.H89

2

Electric circuits

A model for circuits part 1: current and resistance

p.H91

A model for circuits part 2: potential difference

p.H95

RC circuits

p.H101

3

Magnetism

Magnets and magnetic fields

p.H103

Magnetic interactions

p.H105

4

Electromagnetism

Lenz's law

p.H107

Faraday's law and applications

p.H109

1

Geometrical optics

Light and shadows

p.H129

Plane mirrors

p.H133

Curved mirrors and multiple reflections

p.H135

Interpretation of ray diagrams

p.H137

Convex lenses

p.H139

Magnification

p.H141

2

Physical optics

Two-source interference

p.H145

Wave properties of light

p.H149

Multiple-slit interference

p.H151

A model for single-slit diffraction

p.H153

Combined interference and diffraction

p.H155

Thin-film interference

p.H157

Polarization

p.H159